The writer is head of outreach PRS Legislative Research.
World War II boosted aviation in the country. The building of airstrips and the availability of surplus aeroplanes encouraged entrepreneurs to start airlines. By the end of the decade in 1950, airlines in best poker game for pc had flown five lakh passengers
The anti-defection law punishes individual MPs/MLAs for leaving one party for another. It allows a group of MP/MLAs to join (i.e. merge with) another political party without inviting the penalty for defection.
Chakshu Roy writes: Such is its draw that the Academy displayed Lutyen's and Baker's design of the buildings of the New Capital City of Delhi at the 1914 event.
The Tenth Schedule of the Constitution specifies the circumstances under which changing of political parties by legislators invites action under the law. It includes situations in which an independent MLA, too, joins a party after the election.
Chakshu Roy writes: All bills should go through pre-legislative scrutiny to iron out issues and build broad consensus before being brought to Parliament.
Chakshu Roy writes: Herbert Baker, the architect of Parliament House, was aware of the critical role of acoustics in the legislative chambers.
Chakshu Roy writes: Legislative body’s role must be strengthened and deepened so that disruption of proceedings ceases to be an option.
Maharashtra has been without a Speaker since February, while Lok Sabha and several state Assemblies are without a Deputy Speaker. How are they elected in various legislatures? Does their party affiliation matter?
Currently, six states — Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka — have a Legislative Council.
What is the anti-defection law because of which Dasgupta had to resign after being chosen as an election candidate?
As Chief Minister V Narayanasamy faces a confidence motion in the House today, contributing to his likely defeat will be the votes of three nominated MLAs who owe allegiance to the BJP. How did Puducherry come to have nominated members in its Assembly? What has the Supreme Court said in this matter earlier?
Governments past and present have used a colonial-era law to charge many ‘seditious’ men and women, most recently during the farmer protests, when a series of cases were filed against journalists and politicians.
Lack of robust scrutiny processes weakens its image as the highest legislative institution and encourages judicial encroachment on its powers.
This year's first Parliament session begins Friday with President Ram Nath Kovind's address. How did this tradition begin, what is the protocol followed, and what have the speeches dwelt on over the years?
Over the years, Parliament has repealed several laws — and there have also been precedents of the government not bringing a law into force for several years after it has been passed.
Continuous and close scrutiny by legislatures is central to improving governance in the country. Increasing the number of working days for state legislatures is a first step in increasing their effectiveness.
The government has said that parties are in favour of doing away with the Winter Session, and that it would be appropriate to have the Budget Session in January. How and when is Parliament convened?
In the current Lok Sabha, 17 Bills have been referred to committees. In the 16th Lok Sabha (2014-19), 25% of the Bills were referred to committees, which was much lower than the 71% and 60% in the 15th and 14th Lok Sabha respectively.
In view of the pandemic and a truncated Monsoon Session, Parliament has said no to Question Hour and curtailed Zero Hour. The Opposition has strongly criticised this. Why these two periods are important.
As the Uttar Pradesh Assembly meets Thursday, it will move to ratify a 30 per cent salary cut for its legislators.
It is time that political parties stopped using the crutches of the anti-defection law to fix problems related to their internal democracy, dissent and discipline.
Politics is competitive, and it’s easy to comply with the letter of the law rather than its spirit. And a stricter law will make no difference. Political parties and MLAs will find ways around them, like resigning from the legislatures en masse. A lasting solution to probity in Rajya Sabha elections can only come from within political parties.
MPLAD is a central government scheme, under which MPs can recommend development programmes involving spending of Rs 5 crore every year in their respective constituencies.
Our parliamentary rules do not require MPs to meet physically at the Parliament House. Discussions have taken place on multiple occasions for holding its session outside Delhi. The only requirement for a duly constituted sitting of a house is that it be presided over by the chairman/speaker or any authorised MP.
President Kovind will address Parliament today. Days ago, the Kerala Governor expressed an opinion on one paragraph of his Assembly address, prepared by the government. A look at provisions and precedents.